Other enterosorbents can be used to eliminate toxins.
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Instructions for use
Activated carbon is one of the most common and affordable enterosorbents (drugs that bind harmful substances and promote their removal from the body). It is characterized by the ability to absorb various types of compounds:
- heavy metal salts;
- toxins of different origin;
- phenolic derivatives;
- glycosides, etc.
In addition to the adsorbing has a detoxification effect on the body. Due to minimal side effects, it is often prescribed as an antidiarrheal agent.
Features of use for allergies
Also, this sorbent is recommended for complex treatment of allergies as an alternative to antihistamine drugs with more aggressive active substances.
The dosage in this case is determined at the rate of 1 tablet of coal per 10 kg. weights daily. For example, if your weight is 80 kg, you need 8 tablets (4 in the morning and 4 in the evening).
It is recommended to divide the daily intake rate into 2 doses: morning and evening.
In order for the antiallergic properties of the drug to be fully manifested, the tablets should not be swallowed, washed down with water, but chewed thoroughly. The gray color of the teeth and tongue should not frighten - coal deposits can be easily removed by rinsing the mouth.
Indications for use
Activated carbon is used to reduce gas formation in preparation for hardware examinations of the gastrointestinal tract and the presence of the following syndromes and pathologies:
- intoxication of the body, which has developed against the background of various factors (intake of poor-quality food, the result of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, drug poisoning, alcohol poisoning, etc.);
- impaired digestive function;
- diseases of the digestive tract, accompanied by fermentation and decay;
- toxic syndrome in a number of diseases (salmonellosis, dysentery);
- acute and chronic viral hepatitis;
- chronic renal failure;
- chronic cholecystitis;
- increased acidity of the stomach;
- bronchial asthma.
The use of the drug is not recommended for hypersensitivity to activated carbon and ulcerative pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, reducing intestinal motility (atony), intestinal bleeding. Also, the use of activated carbon is not recommended during simultaneous therapy with drugs that affect the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract by reducing their effectiveness.
Activated carbon is not able to penetrate through the placenta into the blood, so the treatment of intoxication during pregnancy is allowed. But it should be remembered that long-term use of activated carbon along with toxins "flushes" from the mother's body and beneficial substances, so important for the normal formation of the tissues of the embryo. Therefore, taking the drug should be stopped immediately after the relief of symptoms of poisoning.
Dosing and Administration
Tablets are taken by chewing a pill and drinking water. Activated carbon, produced as a liquid suspension in a sachet, must be mixed at the rate of 1 sachet per half glass of water.
The classic daily dosage for poisoning is 1 tablet per 10 kg. weights. For therapeutic purposes, the dosage depends on the specific disease and is prescribed by the attending physician. Duration of treatment for diseases characterized by a chronic course, is a maximum of 14 days, acute - 5 days.
Side Effects and Overdose
Activated carbon is considered one of the most innocuous sorbents, however, it should not be taken thoughtlessly. Exceeding the duration of the course of treatment is fraught with hypovitaminosis due to a decrease in the absorption of useful substances. Exceeding the daily dose may cause constipation, regular excess can lead to erosive lesions of the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract.
Composition and pharmacokinetics
The active ingredient of the preparation is activated carbon, obtained from organic carbon-containing materials. 1 tablet of the drug contains 250 mg. active substance. Activated charcoal is not absorbed into the blood, does not split into components. The time for complete elimination from the body through the digestive tract is 24 hours.
Prevent Hangover Syndrome
Activated carbon not only helps to remove the main product of alcohol intoxication from the body - acetaldehyde, but also to prevent poisoning by decomposition products of alcohol when first taking the drug before a feast. In this case, the substance begins to bind and absorb the components of the decay of alcohol even before they begin their destructive action. Rapid neutralization of acetaldehyde prevents the occurrence of the classic symptoms of a hangover - headaches and stomach pains.
To achieve the best effect, it is recommended to take activated charcoal during the whole feast (2 tablets per hour). The first dose of the drug should be taken a maximum of 15 minutes before the start of drinking. You should not exceed the recommended daily dose (1 tablet per 10 kg of weight).
Remember that the best way to avoid intoxication is not to drink alcohol;)
Activated charcoal for weight loss - true or myth?
In forums dedicated to weight loss, there is often an active debate on the effectiveness of activated carbon as a method to combat obesity. The basis of this technique, according to the assurances of its fans - the adsorbing properties of the drug.
Indeed, activated carbon is able to bind and remove from the body different groups of substances, but a very small amount.
Simply put, it is impossible to eat a kilogram of food and reduce its absorption by five grams of coal. And excess dosage leads to constipation and other gastrointestinal problems.
Is it possible to kill the appetite with activated charcoal? Those who have tried say that it is possible, but not for long.
Therefore, to lose weight on activated carbon will not work, most likely this "diet" will end constipation.
Teeth whitening with activated carbon
To the long list of benefits of the drug applies the effect of teeth whitening. Due to its abrasive properties, it is able to remove plaque accumulated over a long time from the surface of the enamel. As a full-fledged alternative to professional teeth cleaning, activated carbon cannot be considered, but this is one of the most effective and safest methods of whitening at home.
There are 2 main ways to use the drug as a bleaching agent:
- chewing tablets (at the end of the procedure should be abundantly rinse the mouth);
- mixing powdered tablets with toothpaste (it is more convenient to mix not the whole tube at once, but in portions, at the rate of 1 tablet per 1 tooth brushing).
This method of bleaching is permissible to use a maximum of 1 time per two weeks. Abuse of the frequency of use can lead to thinning of the tooth enamel drug has a certain abrasive effect.
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