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Currently, betamethasone is available under the following trade names:
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Instructions for use
Ointment "Betamethasone" is a synthetic drug that belongs to the group of glucocorticoids. The tool is used in dermatology for the treatment of diseases characterized by the violation of the integrity of the epithelium and the presence of inflammatory foci in different parts of the skin.
The ointment contains the hormone of the adrenal cortex, so before using it is necessary to carefully read the annotation for the presence of contraindications and possible negative effects.
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The active component of the ointment (betamethasone dipropionate) has a complex effect, which is manifested in the following therapeutic effects:
- effectively relieves inflammation;
- eliminates edema by reducing the quantitative indicators of the fluid formed in the affected area;
- reduces the permeability of the walls of blood vessels;
- reduces the severity of allergic reactions.
The anti-inflammatory effect of "Betamethasone" significantly exceeds the effect of similar drugs, for example, hydrocortisone ointment (according to the intensity of the impact, doctors compare this drug with prednisone). Salicylic acid, which is part of the ointment, has softening properties, so its use is especially effective for people with rough and dry skin.
"Betamethasone" has excellent absorption properties, therefore, almost instantly penetrates to the site of inflammation. The use of a special dressing, as well as the presence of damaged areas or inflammation, the absorption of the drug is enhanced several times. The effect of the drug lasts for 3-6 hours.
Metabolites of the active substance are excreted with the urine (a small part - with bile).
Indications for use
The list of diseases in which the patient may be prescribed Betamethasone ointment is quite extensive. In the presence of an inflammatory process (to eliminate it), the drug is used for the following diseases:
- photodermatitis ;
- red and pink lichen;
- neurodermatitis ;
- lupus erythematosus;
- pretibial myxedema;
- lipoid necrobiosis.
Ointment effectively eliminates the symptoms of psoriasis (except for extensive psoriasis with the formation of plaques).
Among other indications for the use of funds are:
- rheumatoid arthritis;
- bronchial asthma ;
- allergic rhinitis ;
- anaphylactic shock ;
- allergy to medications;
- lesions of the lymph nodes (tumors);
- diseases of the hematopoietic system;
- ulcerative colitis;
- pulmonary fibrosis;
- polyps in the nasal cavity;
- Bell's palsy.
How to apply ointment
"Betamethasone" is used for external use on the affected areas. The therapeutic effect will be more pronounced if the medicine is applied to moisturized skin. The dosage scheme, the number of applications per day, as well as the duration of the treatment course are determined by the attending physician.
Standard recommendations of the manufacturer are as follows: it is necessary to apply the agent 2 times (every 12 hours). If necessary, the use of an occlusive dressing is possible (as recommended by a dermatologist or observing specialist).
By reducing the symptoms of the disease, the number of applications can be reduced to one. The duration of the course is 7-14 days, unless a different treatment regimen is prescribed by a doctor.
Children and patients who require the application of ointment on the face, treatment can not be appointed for a period of more than 5 days.
Before use, it is necessary to thoroughly study the list of diseases for which the use of Betamethasone ointment is not recommended. It includes:
- viral diseases, as well as fungal and bacterial skin lesions;
- perioral dermatitis;
- genital itching;
- varicose veins at different stages;
- ulcerative lesions of the stomach;
- mental disorders;
The use of ointment is contraindicated in the presence of particular sensitivity to betamethasone and auxiliary components that make up the preparation.
With long-term drug treatment, a temporary decrease in immunity is possible, as well as the appearance of local reactions, for example, acne, rash, pigment spots. Some patients showed increased sweating and delayed wounds and cuts.
The use of the product in quantities exceeding the recommended dosage may cause severe burning and itching, as well as a feeling of overdried skin.
Among other undesirable effects are possible:
- weight gain;
- the appearance of edema;
- increased blood pressure;
- increase in blood sugar;
- cycle disorder in women;
- nervous excitement;
- sleep disorders;
- malfunctions in the adrenal cortex.
In children with Betamethasone treatment for more than 5 days, the following disorders may appear:
- weight loss;
- increased intracranial pressure;
- swelling in the region of the optic nerve;
- decreased blood cortisol;
- increase and swelling fontanel.
The occurrence of side effects should be observed by a specialist - in some cases, it is necessary to cancel the drug or reduce the daily dosage.
It is not worth long-term use of ointment for the treatment of skin diseases in the armpits and groin, as this can lead to the formation of stretch marks.
With a decrease in immunity and infection, an additional therapy with antifungal and antibacterial drugs is required (depending on the nature and severity of the disease).
Avoid contact with the skin of the eyelids and mucous membranes of the eyes, as this may cause glaucoma and cataracts.
Patients with diabetes need regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.
The drug is released on prescription, prescribed by the attending physician, as it contains hormones and, when administered alone, can cause negative health effects.
Storage of ointment should be carried out at room temperature not exceeding 25 degrees (in a dark place, out of reach of children). Shelf life of the drug is 3 years.
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