Identifying the underlying cause of the development of thrush is the first step towards successful treatment. The causes of candidiasis are many and can be identified with a comprehensive examination.
So, what influences the development of the disease?
Thrush in women or vaginal candidiasis, although not fatal, is a rather unpleasant symptom of its symptoms. Strong burning sensation, itching that causes discomfort, and negative effects on sex life are the main, but not the only, manifestations of candidiasis.
In order to quickly and effectively cure the disease, it is necessary to find the main causes of thrush in women, and there are not as few of them as it seems at first glance. The elucidation of the factor provoking the disease eliminates its influence, which affects the effectiveness of the therapy prescribed by the doctor and the absence of exacerbation of the disease in the future.
The body of each woman and girl in reproductive age is individual, and therefore the influence of external and internal negative factors has a completely different effect on the functioning of internal organs. That is, an increase in the level of yeast-like fungi in the vagina cannot be triggered by one single reason.
An experienced gynecologist is trying to identify this disease-provoking factor in his patients; this affects both the quality of treatment and the improvement of the woman’s well-being in just a few days. The causes of thrush in most cases occur under the influence of the following changes in the body:
- Against the background of reduced immunity.
- During treatment with antibiotics and a group of other drugs.
- When hormonal failure in the body.
- Against the background of endocrine disorders.
- During infectious diseases.
- Under the influence of long-term psycho-emotional stress.
- Failure to comply with necessary hygiene.
- Under the influence of allergens.
These provoking factors are the most frequently detected with thrush, but not the only ones. Sometimes, in order to find the cause of often aggravated candidiasis, one has to go through a whole cycle of diagnostic measures and one does not need to assume that this does not make sense.
Decreased immune system
Thrush in most cases is detected in women who have chronic diseases of internal organs or have suffered a serious illness.
With reduced immunity, the body is not able to regulate all the biochemical reactions that take place and the level of beneficial microflora, therefore, the growth of fungi is observed.
Especially often, an increase in the number of yeast-like microorganisms is observed in those patients who have chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Often candidiasis occurs for the first time or becomes aggravated after surgical, abdominal operations. This is explained by the general weakening of the body and the intake of antibiotics and other pharmacological drugs.
With the invention of antibiotics, mankind has managed to cope with many diseases that claimed thousands of lives. The active ingredients of antibiotics quickly cope with the bacteria attacking the disease and make it possible to cure a person in just a few days.
But there is a downside to this medal - the ongoing antibacterial therapy also affects the reduction of beneficial microflora in the body, which controls the growth of pathogenic microflora.
The destruction of lactobacilli in the vagina and intestines leads to the fact that yeast-like fungi begin to multiply rapidly. This is what causes thrush in women in the period after prolonged antibiotic therapy.
Fortunately, now there are supplements that can quickly restore the vaginal microflora, for example:
- Bifidumbacterin suppositories
- Lacticide (local hygiene products)
- Laktonorm candles
Women with diabetes, often pay attention to the periodic exacerbation of candidiasis. And this fact has a reasonable explanation. A high level of glucose in the blood also affects changes in the acidity of the vaginal environment. The sugar secreted along with the vaginal secretion helps to create a favorable environment for yeast-like fungi.
An increase in the level of certain female hormones in the body leads to a change in the acidic environment to an alkaline one, in which yeast-like fungi develop rapidly and unhindered. Can cause hormonal imbalance:
- Pregnancy. The appearance of thrush can occur in any trimester, treatment at this time is especially necessary, as candidiasis can adversely affect the child.
- Thrush in most patients occurs a few days before menstruation. This is due to an increase in the hormone progesterone and an increase in temperature during ovulation, which is also beneficial for fungi.
- Contraceptives. Contraceptives with hormones change the vaginal environment to alkaline, in which fungi develop rapidly. Long-term use of the IUD is also the cause of the growth of colonies of fungi.
Hormonal imbalances caused by contraceptives can be corrected if the correct contraceptive is chosen.
Very often thrush appears on the background of sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydia, Trichomonas, gonococci and other microorganisms change the vaginal microflora, which leads to a deviation of the level of yeast-like fungi in the direction of their growth. And although thrush is not a sexually transmitted disease, it can be transmitted from partner to partner during sexual intercourse.
Non-compliance with hygiene
One of the main causes of vaginal candidiasis is improper hygiene of the genital organs, namely:
- Overuse of soap and various gels. Constant use of intimate cosmetics violates the normal microflora and develops an ideal environment for yeast-like fungi.
- Rare gasket change. Getting into the gasket, the fungus gets good conditions for rapid development and if it is rare to change this item of feminine hygiene, the microorganisms will pass into the vagina.
- A yeast-like fungus is located in the intestine, and if hygiene is not followed after a bowel movement, this microorganism will also pass to the vaginal mucosa.
Wearing synthetic or tightly fitting underwear can also be attributed to improper hygiene. When wearing such panties, the acidity of the vagina changes, which provokes the development of yeast.
The main prevention of thrush is the elimination of all the above factors. When treating with antibiotics, it is always important to restore the intestinal microflora with probiotics and diet. The constant increase in immunity also contributes to the fact that diseases of the sexual sphere occur only in exceptional cases. Soda douching has also proven itself well to prevent illness.