The fungus can appear in various places. The favorite habitat areas are wet areas of the body: the armpits, the area under the knees, and mycoses are often found under the breasts in women.
On the body
The fungus of the skin manifests itself as areas deprived of pigmentation or rounded or oval zones with pronounced redness around the perimeter (in the center of such spots, the normal color of the skin is sometimes maintained). The photo shows single areas of lesion with a fungus on the skin and extensive areas of damage. Often, discomfort that accompanies ringworm causes discomfort to a person:
- Burning sensation
- Severe or mild itching
- Peeling of the affected areas
In the photo of the skin fungus, on the left, there are areas without color (depigmented). Often this type of lesion is not accompanied by itching and burning.
The photo shows minor foci of ringworm in the form of rounded areas on the arm with a red tint and desquamation. In addition, damaged skin is slightly elevated above the rest of the skin.
The fungus of the foot often develops in people visiting baths, pools, saunas or other public areas with high humidity. Often, the symptoms of mycosis are observed in the summer in people who prefer closed tight shoes.
Foot mycosis can manifest itself in the form of highly scaly areas (locally between the fingers or on the entire surface of the foot) or in the form of thinning of the skin, which at the slightest external influence is damaged (more often observed between the fingers) and forms a non-healing erosion. Patients may experience itching. When carding, the damaged skin cracks and does not heal for a long time.
Here, the fungus of the foot is localized between the fingers, small eroded areas are visible, which do not heal for a long time. The patient is constantly experiencing strong discomfort while walking.
In the next photo of mycosis of the skin of the foot is observed in conjunction with a neglected fungus on the nails. In this case, the thumb nail is badly damaged. The skin damage zone has a rounded shape, the entire surface is flaky, some areas and the perimeter has a large number of ulcers.
On the face
The fungus on the face appears as well as on the body. A fungal infection may be localized in small, rounded areas or may have an irregular shape. Some types of acne on the skin of the face are fungal in nature. The affected areas have a bumpy structure consisting of scaly areas.
Fungus on the scalp
Suspicion of a scalp fungus causes several phenomena:
- Dry hair, no shine, dry skin
- Increased local hair loss
- Peeling of the scalp over the entire surface or localized
- Itchy skin
- The appearance of pink areas, slightly towering above the surface of the skin
If one or more symptoms are present, a head fungus may be suggested. If the disease is accompanied by severe itching, then carding, even with slight pressure, leads to the appearance of bleeding erosion. Damaged areas may be white or yellow. When trying to remove his thin skin bursts.
What to do?
To start the treatment of mycosis of any localization, it is necessary to determine the type of fungus that caused the external manifestations. It can be yeast-like fungi, versicolor, and other pathogens. To do this, you need to contact a doctor who will take a scraping from the affected area and send the material for research to the laboratory. According to the results of the analysis, the doctor will prescribe a treatment that takes into account the susceptibility of the pathogenic organism to known drugs.
There are 3 possible treatment options:
Local medicines are represented by various ointments, gels, suspensions, emulsions and other types of external preparations. They act only on the lesion and do not penetrate into the blood. Used mainly in the early stages of development of ringworms or with a small focus of infection.
Treatment usually ranges from a week to several months, depending on the neglect of the lesion. Means are applied several times a day. During the application process, itching or severe redness may occur, which disappears after several uses. Along with antifungal components may contain skin care ingredients and substances that accelerate tissue regeneration.
For the treatment of the scalp using shampoo .
Oral medicines are taken by mouth and act on the causative agent of the disease from the inside of the body. They have side effects, and affect not only the affected area, but also the whole body. In some cases, a single application is enough, sometimes a course of treatment is required. Used for severe lesions and advanced stages of fungal diseases.
Combination therapy is used more often. The action of external drugs reduces the intensity of symptoms, accelerates the healing of damaged areas, and the tablets act from inside on the causative agent of the disease.
With any treatment option, the course of therapy cannot be interrupted. The scheme of use of drugs and the duration determined by the doctor . As a rule, treatment continues after the disappearance of the symptoms and external manifestations of mycoses for a few more days (up to a week).