Stomatitis is a diagnosis known to all parents, probably. In view of the fact that the disease often occurs, the number of serious adults does not include it. And in vain, because chronic candidiasis stomatitis (thrush in the mouth) can cause systemic damage to organs. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to treat children's candidiasis. How and what - now tell.
Causes and symptoms at different stages
Sadly, the main danger for children is adults. They are the main source of thrush in the mouth, especially for newborns.
According to research, 45% of medical staff are candidates. In practice, it looks like this: if the nursing staff of the newborn children, who are the Candidate, touch the skin, Candida microorganisms will remain viable for another 2 hours. If the fungi settle on toys or a bottle, then for another 15 days they will have the opportunity to infect the child.
Parents are another carrier of fungi. Only a small percentage of babies become infected during pregnancy or during labor (cases when a chronic thrush is present in mothers). The rest get sick after the birth, after all, mom and dad, of course, kiss their baby, and thus infect the child.
The mother may have candida nipple, and then breastfeeding is the direct way to candidiasis. At artificial feeding the probability of a candidiasis of an oral cavity also is great, after all some mums take in a nipple from a small bottle, trying meal. Units manage to even take a bath with the baby, although they know that they suffer from vaginal candidiasis.
Here are some examples of how candidal stomatitis looks like in the photo:
After a year, when the active study of the world begins, the main causes of infection are already toys, which the kids are pulling each other in the mouth. Stomatitis, which arose in the preschool age - a consequence of weakened immunity or prolonged intake of antibiotics.
The provocative factors of thrush in the mouth can also be:
- Feeding with mixtures with a high sugar content;
- Long stay in the hospital, intensive care unit and resuscitation;
- Wearing bracket systems or plates for bite correction;
- Diabetes mellitus and prematurity.
If at least one of the above factors is present in your life, then carefully monitor the child's condition so as not to miss the first symptoms of candidal stomatitis. This is important for two reasons: firstly, painful sensations will cause the baby to give up breast, and this is undesirable, and secondly, the mucous membrane infected with fungi will be the gateway for another dozen diseases.
There are light, medium and heavy degrees of stomatitis caused by fungi. Symptoms at each stage will be different.
- Curd coating in the mouth, found not only in the tongue, but also in the sky, cheeks, etc. If in doubt, what is it, try to remove the plaque. The plaque from the milk will disappear without difficulty, but after the removal of the candida whitish film, bleeding may occur.
- Specific sour breath.
- Refusal to eat.
- Anxiety during feeding.
- Swelling of the mucosa.
- Intermittent, restless sleep, waking up accompanied by screaming.
- In the diaper area there are diaper rash (fungi penetrate into the intestine, and through the feces irritate the delicate skin).
- Rash, similar to irritation, around the mouth.
Medium and heavy:
- Raise body temperature to 38 degrees.
- Yellowish-gray tinge.
- Enlargement of lymph nodes.
- Mucous when you try to remove the plaque begins to bleed.
- The language is heavily taxed (remember the phrase "like a cotton wool is covered").
- Cracking of the corners of the mouth.
- Loss of taste.
- Pain if swallowed.
With proper treatment, a kid with candidal stomatitis begins to feel better after 1-2 days, but the medications prescribed by a specialist should be applied until the symptoms disappear completely. Chronic (not treated) thrush necessarily manifests itself during teething or after the introduction of vaccine vaccines.
If you are not a doctor, do not increase the dosage of the medication and do not use it more often than necessary. The fact is that "strong" antiseptics or usual antiseptics, but in a shock dose, provoke bacterial stomatitis. The latter arises from the death of normal microflora on the surface of the oral mucosa and the growth of pathogenic bacteria. It is better to drink a course of special antifungal agents than to be treated with antiseptics.
An exemplary algorithm for the treatment of candidal stomatitis may look like this:
- The doctor clarifies the diagnosis and prescribes appropriate treatment.
- Taking medication as prescribed by the doctor.
- Boiling toys, holding nipples and pacifiers in a soda solution, washing the nipples (with breastfeeding) with warm water without soap before each feeding.
Now we list the main antifungal agents of local action, which do not have a negative effect on the child's unformed body, but are excellent at suppressing the process of reproduction of fungi in the mouth.
1. 1% solution of soda: make a gauze swab or wrap the finger with cotton wool, moisten in solution and at least 3 times a day process the oral cavity (not forgetting about the gums and cheeks).
2. Candide solution
The solution is considered to be more effective than the aforementioned means. In its composition, Clotrimazole and glycerin, giving the drug a sweet taste.
Method of application: single dose - 10-20 drops. They are distributed on the mucosa with a cotton swab. Duration of treatment - up to 10 days.
Candide - this is one of the few funds that are allowed for newborns.
In candidal stomatitis, the daily dose should not exceed 3 mg / kg / day . If Diflucan is assigned to a newborn, then the first 2 weeks of life the drug is prescribed in the same dose, but at an interval of 72 hours. Children 3-4 weeks of age Diflucan is given with a break in 48 hours.
4. Nystatin and levorin ointment.
Ointment based on nystatin is very rarely prescribed today. This is explained by a high risk of complications such as itching, swelling, burning and allergic reaction. Levorian ointment is contraindicated for children under 2 years.
5. Preparations for mucosal repair
Oily solution of vitamin A
Seabuckthorn in the form of an oily solution
Vinilin (second name - Shostakovskiy's balm) - rinse or treatment with a gauze pad at least 3 times.
Treatment with traditional medicine
A child's organism is vulnerable and sensitive, so if you resort to folk medicine, give up multicomponent fees. An allergic reaction can occur on any weed, and it is best to know which one to take the attack.
Chamomile broth for rinses (1 tsp of raw material for 200 ml of boiling water)
Strong green tea or calendula broth (for rinses)
Infusions of sage, oak bark, elecampane, burdock, yarrow (for rinses after each meal)
Aloe (point lubricate the area affected)
Peach oil (they are all used after rinsing)
In order not to hurt ...
Now let's talk about the independent treatment of fungal candidiasis in children, because many mothers and grandmothers rely on their own knowledge or experience of friends. Sometimes such "treatment" can go sideways to the child.
Safe at first glance, soda, which we recommended for mucosal treatment, can burn the already damaged oral fungus. If the baby accidentally swallows a soda solution (now it's a question of self-rinsing), then probably bloating, colic and constipation. To avoid this, you need to prepare 1% or 2% solution of soda. A large concentration will result in a burn.
To complicate the flow of stomatitis can lead and treatment of the oral cavity with honey. In addition to the fact that honey can cause a serious allergic reaction, in its sweet nutrient environment, fungi and other pathogenic microorganisms will begin to multiply.
Currant, carrot and other juices are a treat for a healthy baby. When the mucous mouth is covered with sores, irritation arises, and the kid is already restless because of illness.
The most dangerous means - tetraborat katriya, or simply drill in glycerin. This drug is classified as highly toxic. Adult for a lethal outcome is only 10 grams, what can we say about the child. Up to three years, this medication is not prescribed for children at all.
Fungal stomatitis is prone to relapse, so be prepared for the fact that the first time will not be the last. And it's better not to improvise, but to fulfill the appointment of specialists. The risk of complications with drug treatment tends to zero.