Treatment of candidal urethritis should be prompt, otherwise the fungus will continue to develop, creating an infectious focus.
Men candidal urethritis is localized in the urethra at a time when the immunity of its walls is sufficiently lowered. In this case, it turns out that infection of the urethra occurs constantly. The infection can get through the skin, from the intestines, but more often during sexual intercourse.
The disease will not manifest itself until the wall of the urethra has a high and efficient immune system, but as soon as the immunity decreases, infection occurs, the inflammatory process progresses, manifesting itself with all possible symptoms.
Urethritis is primary and secondary. Primary urethritis is an inflammatory process that originates directly from the urethra. In case of secondary urethritis, the infection enters the urinary canal from another organ: the prostate gland, the bladder, and the adjacent pelvic organs.
What are the symptoms?
For quite a long time, the disease may not reveal itself in any way, it is almost asymptomatic. It should be understood that there is also an incubation period, that is, infection does not occur immediately after intercourse. As a rule, it takes 3-7 days for the Candida fungus to become active in the new organism, sometimes the incubation period can last even 2-3 weeks. What are the symptoms?
- Burning and itching, which intensify during urination.
- Painful sensations of a cutting character.
- Abundant discharge from the urethra. The discharge has a mucopurulent character, a greenish color and an unpleasant odor.
Note! When urethritis in men is not observed general weakness of the body and fever. However, if time does not address the treatment of this disease, chronic candidal urethritis may develop, leading to progression of the disease and the possibility of complications.
Diagnosis of the disease
Conducting diagnostic procedures, the attending physician, in the first place, must identify the causative agent, “due to” which the inflammatory process was caused. The causative agent can be both genital infection and opportunistic flora. To make a diagnosis, a patient must be tested for infections of both types.
To confirm the patient's diagnosis, the doctor takes a sample of discharge from the urethra, if there is no discharge, examines the first portion of urine. Further, in laboratory conditions, it determines the causative agent of the disease, as well as its sensitivity to various antibacterial drugs.
In urethritis, complications may occur in men, especially in cases where timely appropriate treatment was not carried out. Complications may be as follows:
- Urethritis in acute form can turn into chronic.
- Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland.
- Orchitis is an inflammation of the testicles.
- Vesiculitis is an inflammation of the seminal vesicles.
- Balanitis and Balanoposthitis .
- Urethral stricture - narrowing of the urethra.
The treatment of urethritis in men is based on the solution of two main tasks - the elimination of infection from the urinary canal and the subsequent restoration of its wall. Most often, the infection is eliminated by antibacterial therapy, preparations for which are selected taking into account the diagnostic study.
In addition to antibiotics, the patient may be prescribed drugs that prevent the appearance of side effects from antimicrobial treatment, as well as immunomodulators and vitamins. Your doctor may prescribe enzymes that help increase the absorption of antibiotics and are prophylactic agents for prostatitis.
Chronic urethritis is harder and longer treated. To get rid of the disease in a chronic form, in addition to antibacterial therapy, the patient is prescribed medication in the urethra, the use of immunotherapy.
To prevent the development of urethritis it is necessary to avoid factors that predispose to this unpleasant disease. What factors should be avoided:
- Chronic inflammatory diseases, especially diseases of the pelvic organs.
- Indiscriminate sex life, frequent change of partners, casual relationships.
- Injuries to the penis.
- Lack of rational nutrition, eating large quantities of fried, spicy, sour, spicy, pickled food. Excessive alcohol intake.