When to go to see a doctor? When will the nail change its color and get an unnatural brown shade? Or when the nail becomes loose and thin? Or maybe it's symptoms are not a fungal infection, but simply the result of a strong nail compression or trauma?
Will help identify the fungus of nails on the nails photo: carefully consider your fingernail and compare with the photos.
By the way, if you suspect a fungus is not on the nail, but on the skin of the legs, hands or any part of the body, then you are here .
The stages of infection with various forms of onychomycosis
To dispel doubts about the presence or absence of fungus, we suggest to find out what the nail fungus looks like at different stages.
On this photo the nail fungus began to hit the edges of the nail bed. Take a closer look: the lateral edges of the nail and its free edge have acquired a yellowish color, and the plate itself became opaque (the base of the nail is no longer translucent). Sometimes there is a gap between the nail plate and the bed, where the pathogens-fungi and other microbes "live". Physicians call such a lesion a distally-lateral shape of the nail fungus.
In the next photo the initial stage of the fungus of the nails of the same shape, but already with subungual hyperkeratosis. Hyperkeratosis is a phenomenon when the nail reacts to the fungus with an intensified cornification of the nail bed. The deeper the fungus enters the nail plate, the thicker the nail becomes.
The superficial white form is only the dorsal (upper) part of the plate. At the initial stage, small white heels appear on the nail, which progress and capture an ever larger area. If the photo is difficult to determine whether this fungus is bothering, then here are a few additional landmarks:
- The surface of the lesion is indicated by a loose and rough nail plate, which is easily exposed by scraping.
- This form is found only on the nails of the feet (more often on the 1st finger, less often on the 5th).
The next form of fungal infection is the proximal subungual. Characterized by damage to the reddening of the roller (tissue surrounding the nail). Then the roller swells, becomes shiny, and then changes shape. The result is a cuticle from the nail. Then the dystrophic changes of the nail plate begin. They begin with the appearance of irregularities, reminiscent of furrows on the nail. In neglected cases the plate disappears.
The total dystrophic form is the most neglected variant of the fungal infection (in more detail ) of the proximal or distal form. It is clearly seen in the photo that the nail is uneven, thickened, and has a gray color. The main sign is the complete or partial destruction of the nail plate.
How do the nails strike different fungi?
We hope that there are no questions on the symptoms that can be determined visually. But it would not be bad to still determine the type of fungus that is guilty of suffering the nails and feet. This is important primarily for the selection of an appropriate drug for the treatment of infection, because often the active substance of the drug can cope with only one fungus.
The most common types of nail fungus (photo help).
1. Yeast fungus of the nails . These pathogens belong to the genus Candida. Their defeat is characterized by thinning of the nail, its yellowing, gradual lagging from the bed. In the cases that are neglected, the nail plate acquires a brown color and almost completely exfoliates. Not only the nail suffers, but also the platen: it thickens, swells and acquires a red shade.
2. Dermatophyte. If the nail was attacked by Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp. And Epidermophyton spp, then first appear bands or patches of yellow / gray. Then the edge of the nail begins to turn yellow and gradually moves away from the nail bed. The more spots, the higher the degree of infection.
3. Mold fungus. He is cured easier than others, because it does not penetrate deep into the nail. The main sign of infection is a change in the color of the nail plates. They can become green, black, brown, etc. Also, molds can provoke the appearance on the nails of black spots and dots.
The causative agents of the fungal infection eventually migrate from the nails to the foot (foot and nail fungus in the photo) and besides itching, cracking of the human skin begins to disturb the pain when walking.
Particularly attentive should be the parents of young children, whose fungus also occurs, although not as often as in adults. In the photo of a nail fungus in children, it can be seen that it proceeds according to the fungus in adults, but the child may also be troubled by ulcers, erosions, vesicles, itching and reddened skin. Irregular phenomenon and burning sensation when moving.
Do not try to cure the fungus yourself. As already noted, the drugs do not cope with all kinds of pathogens of the fungal infection, so an expensive drug bought in a pharmacy can be useless. In the photo of the fungus of the nails, it is clear that at any stage of a fungal infection without local or systemic treatment it is indispensable. In addition, it will be necessary to eliminate the factors that contributed to the appearance of the fungus.
To make an appointment with a doctor is the first thing to do after you are convinced of the presence of the disease. It is the specialist who will best select the drugs, prescribe a course of treatment and will control the recovery from the ailment.
As a rule, the doctor appoints a local drug against fungal infections. Read the "Overview of effective drugs".
In neglected cases, tablets may also be needed, but they are sold, usually on prescription. It should be remembered that the tablets have some toxicity and their use is justified only in certain cases. More about tablets ..
Another option, well-proven specifically for the nail plate, is a varnish. More about varnishes ..
The later stages and their features are well described here: "Treatment of nail fungus in neglected form"
Well, folk medicine , despite its popularity, is extremely inefficient. It is she who usually leads from early stages to dystrophic forms (see illustrations). "Grandma's" recipes are given solely for informational purposes.