When to go to the doctor? When will the nail change color and become an unnatural brown shade? Or when the nail becomes loose and thin? Or maybe these symptoms are not a fungal infection at all, but simply the result of a strong compression of the nails or an injury?
It will help to identify the nail fungus on the nails photo: carefully consider your nail and compare with the photos.
By the way, if you suspect a fungus is not on the nail, and on the skin of the legs, hands or any part of the body, then you are here .
Stages of infection in various forms of onychomycosis
To dispel doubts about the presence or absence of the fungus, we suggest finding out what the nail fungus looks like at different stages.
In this photo, the nail fungus began to hit the edges of the nail bed. Take a closer look: the lateral edges of the nail and its free edge have acquired a yellowish color, and the plate itself has become opaque (the base of the nail is no longer translucent). Sometimes there is a gap between the nail plate and the bed, where fungi pathogens and other microbes live. Doctors call this lesion the distal-lateral form of nail fungus.
The following photo shows the initial stage of the nail fungus of the same form, but already with subungual hyperkeratosis. Hyperkeratosis is a phenomenon when the nail reacts to the fungus by increased keratinization of the nail bed. The deeper the fungus penetrates the nail plate, the thicker the nail becomes.
The surface white form is only the dorsal (upper) part of the plate. At the initial stage, a small white heel appears on the nail, which progresses and covers a larger area. If the photo is difficult to determine whether such a fungus torments, here are a few additional guidelines:
- Loose and rough nail plate, which is easily exposed by scraping, speaks about the superficiality of the lesion.
- This form is found only on the nails of the feet (more often on the 1st finger, less often on the 5th).
The next form of fungal infection is proximal subungual. Characterized by the defeat of the red roller (the tissue surrounding the nail). Then the roller swells, becomes shiny, and then changes shape. The result - the separation of the cuticle from the nail. Next begin dystrophic changes in the nail plate. They begin with the appearance of irregularities resembling grooves on the nail. In advanced cases, the plate disappears.
The total dystrophic form is the most advanced version of the fungal infection ( more ) of the proximal or distal form. The photo clearly shows that the nail is uneven, thickened, has a gray color. The main feature is the complete or partial destruction of the nail plate.
How do different nails affect nails?
Hopefully, there are no questions left on the symptoms that can be determined visually. But it would not be bad to determine the type of fungus that is responsible for the suffering of the nails and feet. This is primarily important for the selection of an adequate drug for treating an infection, because often the active substance of a drug copes with only one fungus.
The most common are the following types of nail fungi (photo to help).
1. Yeast nail fungus . These pathogens belong to the genus Candida. Damage by them is characterized by thinning of the nail, its yellowing, gradual lagging behind the bed. In the running cases, the nail plate acquires a brown color and almost completely exfoliates. Not only the nail suffers, but also the roller: it thickens, swells and becomes red.
2. Dermatophyte. If the nail is attacked with Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp. and Epidermophyton spp, yellow / gray streaks or spots first appear. Then the edge of the nail begins to turn yellow and gradually moves away from the nail bed. The more spots, the higher the degree of infection.
3. Mold fungus. It is cured easier than others, because it does not penetrate deep into the nail. The main sign of infection is a change in the color of the nail plates. They can become green, black, brown, etc. Also, mold fungi can provoke the appearance of black spots and dots on the nails.
The pathogens of a fungal infection eventually migrate from the nails to the foot (the fungus of the foot and the nails in the photo), and besides the itching, cracking of the skin of a person begins to bother with pain when walking.
Particularly attentive should be the parents of small children, in whom the fungus also occurs, although not as often as in adults. In the photo of the nail fungus in children, it can be seen that it flows according to the fungus in adults, but the child may also be disturbed by ulcers, erosion, vesicles, itching and reddened skin. Frequent occurrence and burning when moving.
You should not try to cure the fungus yourself. As already noted, the drugs do not cope with all types of pathogens of the fungal infection, so the expensive medication purchased from a pharmacy may be useless. In the photo of the nail fungus above it can be seen that at any stage of the fungal infection, local or systemic treatment is indispensable. In addition, it will be necessary to eliminate the factors that contributed to the appearance of the fungus.
Sign up with a doctor - the first thing you should do after you are convinced of the presence of the disease. It is the specialist who will best select the drugs, prescribe the course of treatment and control the deliverance from the disease.
As a rule, the doctor prescribes a local drug against mycoses. Read "Review of effective drugs."
In advanced cases, you may also need pills , but they are sold, usually with a prescription. It must be remembered that the tablets have some toxicity and their use is justified only in some cases. Read more about pills.
Another option, well-proven for the nail plate, is lacquer. Read more about varnishes ..
The later stages and their features are well described here: “Treatment of nail fungus in a neglected form”
Well, traditional medicine , despite its popularity, is extremely ineffective. It usually leads from the early stages to dystrophic forms (see illustrations). "Grandma's" recipes are for informational purposes only.