When to go to see a doctor? When will the nail change its color and get an unnatural brown shade? Or when the nail becomes loose and thin? Or maybe it's symptoms are not a fungal infection, but simply the result of a strong nail compression or trauma?
Will help identify the fungus of nails on the nails photo: carefully consider your fingernail and compare with the photos.
By the way, if you suspect a fungus is not on the nail, but on the skin of the legs, hands or any part of the body, then you are here .
The stages of infection with various forms of onychomycosis
To dispel doubts about the presence or absence of fungus, we suggest to find out what the nail fungus looks like at different stages.
On this photo the nail fungus began to hit the edges of the nail bed. Take a closer look: the lateral edges of the nail and its free edge have acquired a yellowish color, and the plate itself became opaque (the base of the nail is no longer translucent). Sometimes there is a gap between the nail plate and the bed, where the pathogens-fungi and other microbes "live". Physicians call such a lesion a distally-lateral shape of the nail fungus.
In the next photo the initial stage of the fungus of the nails of the same shape, but already with subungual hyperkeratosis. Hyperkeratosis is a phenomenon when the nail reacts to the fungus with an intensified cornification of the nail bed. The deeper the fungus enters the nail plate, the thicker the nail becomes.
The final stage of the distal-lateral form is the defeat of the entire nail, the involvement of the matrix (the place where the nail begins its growth), the nail dystrophy.
The superficial white form is only the dorsal (upper) part of the plate. At the initial stage, small white heels appear on the nail, which progress and capture an ever larger area. If the photo is difficult to determine whether this fungus is bothering, then here are a few additional landmarks:
- The surface of the lesion is indicated by a loose and rough nail plate, which is easily exposed by scraping.
- This form is found only on the nails of the feet (more often on the 1st finger, less often on the 5th).
The next form of fungal infection is the proximal subungual. Characterized by damage to the reddening of the roller (tissue surrounding the nail). Then the roller swells, becomes shiny, and then changes shape. The result is a cuticle from the nail. Then the dystrophic changes of the nail plate begin. They begin with the appearance of irregularities, reminiscent of furrows on the nail. In neglected cases the plate disappears.
The total dystrophic form is the most neglected variant of the fungal infection (in more detail ) of the proximal or distal form. It is clearly seen in the photo that the nail is uneven, thickened, and has a gray color. The main sign is the complete or partial destruction of the nail plate.
How do the nails strike different fungi?
We hope that there are no questions on the symptoms that can be determined visually. But it would not be bad to still determine the type of fungus that is guilty of suffering the nails and feet. This is important primarily for the selection of an appropriate drug for the treatment of infection, because often the active substance of the drug can cope with only one fungus.
The most common types of nail fungus (photo help).
1. Yeast fungus of the nails . These pathogens belong to the genus Candida. Their defeat is characterized by thinning of the nail, its yellowing, gradual lagging from the bed. In the cases that are neglected, the nail plate acquires a brown color and almost completely exfoliates. Not only the nail suffers, but also the platen: it thickens, swells and acquires a red shade.
2. Dermatophyte. If the nail was attacked by Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp. And Epidermophyton spp, then first appear bands or patches of yellow / gray. Then the edge of the nail begins to turn yellow and gradually moves away from the nail bed. The more spots, the higher the degree of infection.
3. Mold fungus. He is cured easier than others, because it does not penetrate deep into the nail. The main sign of infection is a change in the color of the nail plates. They can become green, black, brown, etc. Also, molds can provoke the appearance on the nails of black spots and dots.
The causative agents of the fungal infection eventually migrate from the nails to the foot (foot and nail fungus in the photo) and besides itching, cracking of the human skin begins to disturb the pain when walking.
If you observe the above symptoms, then immediately consult a dermatologist. The sooner the treatment begins, the faster the fungus will leave the feet and nails alone.
Particularly attentive should be the parents of young children, whose fungus also occurs, although not as often as in adults. In the photo of a nail fungus in children, it can be seen that it proceeds according to the fungus in adults, but the child may also be troubled by ulcers, erosions, vesicles, itching and reddened skin. Irregular phenomenon and burning sensation when moving.
Do not try to cure the fungus yourself. As already noted, the drugs do not cope with all kinds of pathogens of the fungal infection, so an expensive drug bought in a pharmacy can be useless. In the photo of the fungus of the nails, it is clear that at any stage of a fungal infection without local or systemic treatment it is indispensable. In addition, it will be necessary to eliminate the factors that contributed to the appearance of the fungus.
To make an appointment with a doctor is the first thing to do after you are convinced of the presence of the disease. It is the specialist who will best select the drugs, prescribe a course of treatment and will control the recovery from the ailment.
As a rule, the doctor appoints a local drug against fungal infections. Read the "Overview of effective drugs".
In neglected cases, tablets may also be needed, but they are sold, usually on prescription. It should be remembered that the tablets have some toxicity and their use is justified only in certain cases. More about tablets ..
Another option, well-proven specifically for the nail plate, is a varnish. More about varnishes ..
The later stages and their features are well described here: "Treatment of nail fungus in neglected form"
Well, folk medicine , despite its popularity, is extremely inefficient. It is she who usually leads from early stages to dystrophic forms (see illustrations). "Grandma's" recipes are given solely for informational purposes.
An eerie sight !! Do not run yourself (
Very useful, informative article! Thanks for the info!
And I did not see what the fungus looked like. It will be necessary to look at the pool in the pool, and then you never know what ....
Yes, an eerie sight, but I struggle with it every day ... slowly recedes
What kind of doctor should I contact if there is a disease?
To the mycologist, if there is one. If not - to the dermatologist, he, too, will cope :)
Thickening of the nail, the rapid formation of corns and dry calluses, can be a manifestation of the fungus? I regularly treat my legs. Mine, I clean ... Everything is as it should be.
Change your shoes once a season. For the next season, buy your shoes. Treatment is much more expensive. Also descend or go to the dermatologist.
I also have a thickening of the nails on some toes. But I looked at the pictures. In my opinion, it's still not a fungus. Can I go around a lot? And shoes are not always comfortable?
I got rid of the fungus thanks to Fukorcin from the Tula farm factory. It costs a penny, about 40-50 rubles a large bottle. Fukortsin is some kind of a world remedy for both the feast and the world! Helps with cuts on the skin, treated them with pimples from chickenpox. In general, in our home medicine cabinet, there is this remedy!
How exactly treated?
Who exactly got rid of?
Tell me how you treated them
And the truth. As you were treated fukortsinom
Prompt pzhlt, and liquid from under a fingernail, as a soup can be allocated at a fungus?
With a fungus in general, very rarely something stands out, only in the most neglected cases. Most likely it's a trauma or a dandruff dermatitis, unfortunately, it's hard to say without an inspection.
Prompt please: at night the heels very much it is there can be a fungus? The fingernail on the left leg of the second finger has a condensation and yellowish color.
Most likely it is a fungus. Fortunately, the skin is treated much easier than the nail.
You buy an ointment to choose from - Clotrimazole, Teribnaphin, Miconazole and apply according to the instructions. Usually it is 2 times a day for 2-3 weeks.
When all the symptoms pass, you need to continue to apply, do not quit and do not interrupt treatment.
Still, before treatment, it is necessary to remove excess keratinized skin with pumice stone.
Prompt, please, on the middle finger of the hand, a vertical white strip appeared on the nail and the nail when it grows breaks into two halves along this strip. The nails themselves are pink, not wavy horizontally. Maybe it's a fungus? Thank you!
It is unlikely, rather, it says about the systemic problems of the body, you need to see a doctor-therapist, do not pull.
Tell me please, the nail is twisted into a tube, and the thumb of the thumb is thickened and yellow, when I cut off, a cavity is formed in the nail, and there is nothing there, it is poured out like chips, is it a fungus?
Yes, most likely.
Probably, it's still a fungus, I also spread to other fingernails. There may be a nail vertical wart. It is impossible to grow nails.
Zdravivuyte, a child 12 years old on the large toenails have symmetrically purple-brown spots. Is this necessary? Should I go to the doctor?
If they are directly symmetrical, then the first thing that begs - tight shoes.
But a brown shade can talk about systemic problems in the body, so YES, you need to go to the doctor. Unfortunately, in dermatology without examination it is rarely possible to diagnose.
Indeed, fucorcil is exactly the remedy that relieves many BJAK! At the moment, too, I am treating the marigolds precisely for them. The nail plate grows already without damage ... means the fungus recedes! And you only need to lubricate your fingernail with fucorcil a few times a week .... And in the intervals to smear the nail with vinegar 9% ....
And I still decided on laser treatment ((I picked up some fungus on bali, which we do not even know, according to the analyzes, we could not even determine what it was.) So the laser had to burn everything.) 5 sessions in the clinic and This bjaka has left me) here such "souvenir" to itself from holiday has brought, a pancake))
GOOD TIME DAY! PROMPT. PLEASE. WHAT DO I DO? SURGERY WRIGHTED IN THE LEATHER OF THE VENEROLOGICAL DISPENSER OF BARNAULA TWO TIMES .. THE FUNCTION IS NOT CONFIRMED ... ALTHOUGH YEARS ALSO 5 CHANGES IN NAILS. SECONDLY ... STRONGLY UTLESHCHENY.COLOR A LITTLE.... WHAT IT SEEMS MEANS YELLOW ... THERE IS NO NAIL WHITE HOLE IN THE BEGINNING OF NAIL. .NAGTI NOT SMOOTH.CHUT HOW THERE WERE VERTICAL STRIPS .. Sometimes there are wrinkles between 3-4 fingers ... FASTLY pass through the drug EXODORED ... ..SUPERFORUM I HAVE SURGERY MASKED NAILS 3 MEAS CONTRACT 2 TIMES IN DAY.MANSHO NIGHSHOOD ...... AND THE MOST IMPORTANT VERY MUCH CHESHUTYA EDGE OF SUSPENSION FROM THE EXTERNAL SIDE. ALREADY YEARS 30..NES OF CRACKS NO .. APPLYING THE SAW FOR THE SUSPENTS .. SLEEP AS A FLOUR ... AND ALL CLEAN ... .SHORE I THINK .. IF YOU ARE RESPONDING
If you give nails that have been processed for some time by Exoderil, then this explains the negative analysis, and what passes from these drops - confirms the fungus. Just need more careful treatment, using tablets.
But there are other diseases of the skin and nails, for example autoimmune.
Tip one, you need to go to the reception, describe the situation and get the doctor to give some result. If one doctor can not help, look to another, third ..
Hello! Tell me please, my husband has two blue fingers on his toe nails of blue, never nailed them. Is this a fungus?
Perhaps the new tight shoe influenced. When you put on, it does not feel, and after wearing, there are bruises.
But there may be a fungus, Candida can appear in blue, you need to check with the cook.
I had the following situation. For quite some time, the skin on the fingertips near the nails is dry, cracking and flaking. And in recent days I noticed that the surface of the nails became less smooth. On the ring finger of the left hand on the nail appeared two longitudinal strips, similar to cracks. If you look at the light, on the thumbnail of your right hand you can see frequent longitudinal strips, which can be felt even by touch. Every day I notice that the same longitudinal strips gradually appear on the nails of other fingers, even on the big toes. What could it be? And what to do in this case? It can a fungus?
The fact is that I am treating mycosis of the scalp for a half a year with Tsinovit shampoo, which was prescribed to me by a private dermatologist. Is it possible that the fungus passed onto the fingernails of the hands? Maybe you should have worn gloves while washing your head and applying a therapeutic shampoo?
And yet this question gives me no peace. The doctor, except for shampoo Tsinovit, has registered to spend on drink capsules Itrungar 2 weeks, I already drank it and more than once. And the instructions to this drug does not say a word about the treatment of mycosis of the scalp. The same applies to other drugs, which are based on itraconazole. In Terbinafine and its analogs it is written in black and white: mycosis of the scalp - 4 weeks, but in itraconazoles - no. Maybe that's why I can not cure mycosis of the scalp in any way? As the treatment process dragged on, I would like to drink a pill a month, in addition to using shampoo. I can not go to the doctor right now. I read that Lamisil tablets help people to be cured for 1 month, but for me they are very expensive. And the Ukrainian analogue of Terbinafine is a cheap drug and I'm afraid it will be ineffective. Could you advise me something?
Help me please.
Yes, at itraconazoles do not write such, but business in the originator, instead of in localization. In any case, if he has not approached, it is necessary to drink another. Terbinafine is a good option.
Half a year of treatment is not the norm, then shampoo does not help, try another, for example, Mycosoril or Nizoral.
Changing the drugs should help. Between tablet pills, take a break for at least 4 weeks.
It is possible that on the fingers dermatitis, to check you need to anoint for several days with any glucocorticoid, for example Prednisolone or Hydrocortisone. If will help or assist, means most likely reaction autoimunnaja - a dermatitis or something similar. Just do not get carried away, you can not always use them.
Thanks for your reply.
Tell me, what can the longitudinal strips on the fingernails mean? They do not give me rest. I began to lubricate the fingernails of the hands for the night with iodine, especially on the day when my head.
I want to try another shampoo after Tsinovit. Tell me, please, do I have to take a break between changing shampoos and how much?
And one more important point in the treatment is disinfection. The more effective the disinfection of the headgear (I take a cap, including wool with acrylic) and clothes (a turtleneck, in the composition - wool, angorka) with mycosis of the scalp. Formidron will help?
Strips on the nails can talk about a systemic disease, you need to show it to the doctor, for example the same dermatologist.
The break does not need to be done, the main thing is to follow the instructions.
Formidron is a very dangerous remedy, there are better options: http://primalinstinctpheromone.com/dezinfekciya-obuvi-posle-gribkovoj-infekcii/
Good day, I have a nail, but somehow in the middle of the nail, and the color is transparent. What can it be? Thanks!
There are many reasons here, you need to see a doctor.
Fukortsin can be used as a treatment for nail fungus? Or just skin?
Only if you are not afraid that the nails will remain red, until the new ones grow out, and this is very long.
Hello. The son has seborrheic dermatitis of the head and affects the area of the nose. Without research, with the words of a doctor we use a cynical tincture. Passes or takes place but through time is even worse. May need to drink tablets? What kind?
The hemp water is used against skin parasites. From seborrheic dermatitis you need an antifungal shampoo, for example Nizoral, Keto Plus, tk. The most common cause is Malassezia furfur.
There may be other problems in the body, for example, if there are problems with digestion, swelling, loose stools, then you must first deal with them.
Hello ! At me on fingers of legs or foots in fingernails or nails as though black strias, about what it can speak?
This may be a lack of any nutrients, and there may be problems with the cardiovascular or digestive system. In any case, you should contact a therapist or dermatologist for more accurate advice.
Hello. I want to start taking flukanozole because the fungus is covered almost all the nails on my legs more on the thumbs. Besides this, the skin on the breast is constantly itchy with copious scaling. I did not scrape the fungus twice, but the prescribed salicylic zinc ointment did not help it. Thank you.
Try, 150 mg once a week. If after 4 weeks on the skin the symptoms do not pass, then really not the fungus.