What is dangerous candidiasis? Complications during pregnancy, the risk of infection of the fetus and partner, the penetration of fungi into the blood vessels, which in turn leads to the defeat of many organs and systems. Therefore, you should not self-medicate this serious disease. When the first symptoms of thrush appear, immediately take a ticket to the gynecologist.
Let's find out how the thrush appears.
There are three clinical forms of the disease:
- Candida vulvovaginitis in acute form;
- Chronic (occasionally worsening) candidal vulvovaginitis.
Only the first is characterized by the absence of symptoms and complaints from a woman or a girl. However, when taking a vaginal discharge for analysis, budding forms of yeast-like fungi can be detected. In the presence of certain conditions, the candida carrier goes into the second, clinically expressed form of the disease - candidal vulvovaginitis in acute form. His symptoms are:
1. Itching. This is a typical symptom of candidiasis. For complaints of itching of the vagina and genitals, a study is conducted on yeast-like fungi (even if there are no visible changes on the mucous membrane). Itching increases in the premenstrual period, and subsides or disappears altogether in the menstrual and postmenstrual periods. The symptom may not be constant, however, when it appears, it causes discomfort, pain (especially while walking).
2. Burning. With a yeast infection, burning is almost always worried. If in doubt what exactly is bothering you: thrush or urinary tract infection, check yourself. With a urinary tract infection, burning begins when urine passes through the urethra. In candidiasis, it begins to burn after the urine leaves the canal, when it comes out: the acid present in the urine gets into the irritated vaginal area and causes discomfort.
3. Highlight. Cream-like, whitish, with the presence of cheesy inclusions vaginal discharge - another most common symptom of candidiasis in women. Allocations worry 76.1% of women. Bleach can have an unpleasant smell (bread, beer, starch). The consistency and amount of discharge from each woman is individual.
4. Inflammation. Inflammation may include the vagina (vaginitis) and the vulva ( vulvitis, see photo ). If there is a combined lesion of the mucous membrane, then a diagnosis of "vulvovaginitis" is made. Women often describe this symptom as redness in the genital area, which causes pain during intercourse and in contact with the internal mucosa. Gynecologists also note that the inflammatory process of the mucous membranes is not only a strong hyperemia of the external genitalia, cervix and vagina. In candidal vulvovaginitis, there is swelling of the mucous membrane, its loosening, thin-walled vesicles on the clitoris, the labia minora and the vaginal vestibule, layering between the folds of grayish-white films that are easily removed with a tampon, and the periphery of the epithelium.
Usually the acute form of vulvovaginal candidiasis lasts up to 2 months.
To more accurately identify the disease, open the photo (18+):
The diagnosis of "chronic candidiasis" is made to women whose symptoms do not disappear for more than two months. And they differ from the symptoms of acute vaginal candidiasis. So, there may be no cheesy vaginal discharge, and hyperemia and mucosal infiltration will be weak. Scanty whitish films in the form of islands appear, dryness of the large and small labia, cracks, and dry erosion, which have no clear boundaries, are noted. The external genitals become atrophic and flabby, become brown in color, the vaginal opening narrows, the labia shrink, scarring occurs. Sometimes chronic candidal vaginitis is associated with candidal inguinal and perineal candidiasis. More on treatment .
If you are worried about any of the above symptoms, do not rush to get the drug from thrush in the nearest pharmacy. The fact is, clinical symptoms do not allow 100% diagnosis. The value is the microscopy of vaginal smears and seeding the secretions into the nutrient medium, because in 95% of cases they reveal the degree of microbial contamination and allow you to determine the species of fungi. Only after the diagnosis and the conversation with the woman does the gynecologist prescribe any antimycotic drug.